golang实现单点登录系统(go-sso)

    这是一个基于Go语言开发的单点登录系统,实现手机号注册、手机号+验证码登录、手机号+密码登录、账号登出等功能,用户认证采用cookie和jwt两种方式。收发短信相关方法已提供,仅需根据短信通道提供商提供的接口做相应的参数配置即可使用。

    环境介绍

    golang语言:go1.13.3+ 、

    数据库:mysql5.7

    缓存:redis3.0

    项目地址

    https://github.com/guyan0319/

    依赖包:

    
    github.com/dgrijalva/jwt-go
    github.com/gin-gonic/gin
    github.com/go-xorm/xorm
    github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql

    注意:项目代码依赖管理工具采用的go-modules,需要了解的移步https://github.com/guyan0319/

    数据请求类型

    
    Content-Type: application/json

    注:这个一定要注意,其他类型服务端不识别。

    快速开始

    1、数据库

    sql文件在data目录下,新建数据库名,通过mysql管理工具或登录mysql数据库直接创建数据库名,并导入ssodb.sql文件到数据库,完成数据库结构创建。具体方法这里不再赘述。

    2、配置mysql、redis

    配置文件在conf目录下,修改 mysql.go、redis.go配置成你自己的实际环境。

    3、启动

    
    go run main.go

    4、测试

    我们可以采用postman等工具,进行客户端浏览器模拟操作,也可以通过curl实现。

    这里以curl工具为例:

    注册手机号

    
    $ curl -X POST "http://127.0.0.1:8282/signup/mobile" -i -d '
    {
    "mobile":"13522227564","passwd":"123456","code": "111111"
    }
    '

    结果

    
    % Total 
    % Received 
    % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
     Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
    100 86 100 28 100 58 1750 3625 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 86000HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
    Date: Tue, 09 Jun 2020 08:59:36 GMT
    Content-Length: 28
    
    {
    "code":200,"msg":"success"
    }

    注:code参数值只要随意6位数即可,示例中服务端并没有配置短信通道,验证code代码已注释。

    手机号+密码 登录

    
    $ curl -X POST "http://127.0.0.1:8282/login" -i -d '
    {
    "mobile":"13522227564","passwd":"123456"
    }
    '

    结果

    
    % Total 
     % Received 
    % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
     Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
    100 69 100 28 100 41 451 661 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 1112HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    Access_token: eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTg1ODIwMX0.OMpRhdX2wXm1BuRmeaZtSH7L3skXhNhYc0YYUTQf7WI
    Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
    Refresh_token: eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTg2MDAwMX0.Hglo9i8pxFGcRcvMw8mUvXlT2JLrHSC6ocQqJseknq8
    Set-Cookie: Access_Token=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTg1ODIwMX0.OMpRhdX2wXm1BuRmeaZtSH7L3skXhNhYc0YYUTQf7WI; Path=/; Max-Age=86400; HttpOnly
    Set-Cookie: Refresh_Token=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTg2MDAwMX0.Hglo9i8pxFGcRcvMw8mUvXlT2JLrHSC6ocQqJseknq8; Path=/; Max-Age=86400; HttpOnly
    Set-Cookie: UserId=1; Path=/; Max-Age=86400; HttpOnly
    Date: Wed, 10 Jun 2020 06:50:01 GMT
    Content-Length: 28
    
    {
    "code":200,"msg":"success"
    }

    手机号+验证码登录

    
    $ curl -X POST "http://127.0.0.1:8282/login/mobile" -i -d '
    {
    "mobile":"13522227564","code":"123456"
    }
    '

    结果

    
    % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
     Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
    100 68 100 28 100 40 163 233 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 397HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    Access_token: eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTk1NDIxOX0.FK-6ofW-ni8E7BcQ1tH9Z4vzQHDBbnyIcDZLEytRrfQ
    Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
    Refresh_token: eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTk1NjAxOX0.gJzzho2gP1nNrkUKdtvMh0R3jGFZpA-ku0dWDvLftu0
    Set-Cookie: Access_Token=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTk1NDIxOX0.FK-6ofW-ni8E7BcQ1tH9Z4vzQHDBbnyIcDZLEytRrfQ; Path=/; Max-Age=86400; HttpOnly
    Set-Cookie: Refresh_Token=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTk1NjAxOX0.gJzzho2gP1nNrkUKdtvMh0R3jGFZpA-ku0dWDvLftu0; Path=/; Max-Age=86400; HttpOnly
    Set-Cookie: UserId=1; Path=/; Max-Age=86400; HttpOnly
    Date: Thu, 11 Jun 2020 09:30:19 GMT
    Content-Length: 28
    
    {
    "code":200,"msg":"success"
    }

    获取用户信息

    使用上面登录获取的Access_Token获取用户信息。

    $ curl “http://127.0.0.1:8282/my/info” -b “Access_Token=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTk1NDIxOX0.FK-6ofW-ni8E7BcQ1tH9Z4vzQHDBbnyIcDZLEytRrfQ”

    结果

    
    % Total  % Received % Xferd Average Speed  Time  Time   Time Current
                     Dload Upload  Total  Spent  Left Speed
    100  73 100  73  0   0 73000   0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 73000{"code":200,"data":
    {
    "id":1,"name":"","email":"","mobile":"135****27564"
    }
    }

    查看手机号是否存在

    
    $ curl -X POST "http://127.0.0.1:8282/signup/mobile/exist" -i -d '
    {"mobile":"13522227564"
    }'

    结果

    
    % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time  Time Current
             Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
    100 61 100 37 100 24 37000 24000 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 61000HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
    Date: Wed, 10 Jun 2020 07:40:50 GMT
    Content-Length: 37
    
    {
    "code":200,"data":
    {
    "is_exist":true
    }}

    access token 续期

    $ curl -X POST “http://127.0.0.1:8282/renewal” -i -b “Access_Token=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTk1NDIxOX0.FK-6ofW-ni8E7BcQ1tH9Z4vzQHDBbnyIcDZLEytRrfQ;Rfresh_Token=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTk1NjAxOX0.gJzzho2gP1nNrkUKdtvMh0R3jGFZpA-ku0dWDvLftu0”

    结果:

    
    % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time  Time Current
             Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
    100 28 100 28 0  0 595  0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 595HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    Access_token: eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTk1NTEzMn0.KCNVQ39HoMZFG-Xl0xwDrVdhQO_w4-tDxWY0ebyhfyk
    Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
    Refresh_token: eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTk1NjkzMn0.XijN8ZjPbZkhjJB33igti3dSm1tfd2kp_iNRtPqpwyM
    Set-Cookie: Access_Token=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTk1NTEzMn0.KCNVQ39HoMZFG-Xl0xwDrVdhQO_w4-tDxWY0ebyhfyk; Path=/; Max-Age=86400; HttpOnly
    Set-Cookie: Refresh_Token=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTk1NjkzMn0.XijN8ZjPbZkhjJB33igti3dSm1tfd2kp_iNRtPqpwyM; Path=/; Max-Age=86400; HttpOnly
    Date: Thu, 11 Jun 2020 09:45:32 GMT
    Content-Length: 28
    {
    "code":400,"msg":"success"
    }
    

    登出系统

    $ curl -X POST “http://127.0.0.1:8282/logout” -b “Access_Token=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJVc2VySWQiOjEsImV4cCI6MTU5MTk1NDIxOX0.FK-6ofW-ni8E7BcQ1tH9Z4vzQHDBbnyIcDZLEytRrfQ”

    结果

    
    % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time  Time Current
             Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
    100 28 100 28 0  0 28000  0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 28000{"code":200,"msg":"success"
    }

    小结

    仅使用jwt实现单点登录会遇到两个问题

    • 用户无法主动登出,即服务端发出token后,无法主动销毁token,用户还可以用通过token访问系统,本项目增加了缓存登出用户token到黑名单的方式,变相实现登出。
    • token续期问题,access_token携带有效期,有效期过了无法自动续期。本项目提供了续期接口(renewal),服务端在生成access_token同时还会生成refresh_token(有效期比access_token长),用户可以通过有效的refresh_token和access_token访问renewal接口重新获取新的refresh_token和access_token。

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