shell脚本自动化创建虚拟机的基本配置之tomcat–mysql–jdk–maven

    自动化shell脚本

    ps:此处安装的jdk,maven,tomcat均在/opt目录下,如需其他目录或者其他版本,可根据需要改动shell脚本即可。
    ps:所有代码全部手敲,已亲测能够使用,全部分享出来。

    一:虚拟机初始化

    创建shell脚本,把命令放进.sh脚本里,./xx.sh运行此脚本可以完成虚拟机初始化

    
    #!/bin/bash
    
    #1.改变机器名
    hostnamectl set-hostname $1
    
    #2.打通ip地址
    sed -i 's/dhcp/static/' /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfgenp0s3
    sed -i 's/ONBOOT=no/ONBOOT=yes/' /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfgenp0s3
    echo "IPADDR=$2" >> /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfgenp0s3
    systemctl restart network
    
    #3.关闭防火墙
    systemctl stop firewalld
    systemctl disable firewalld

     二:jdk自动化安装

    创建shell脚本,把命令放进.sh脚本里,./xx.sh运行此脚本可以完成jdk自动化安装

    
    #!/bin/bash
    jdkTar="/opt/jdk-8u111-linux-x64.tar.gz"
    # 检查原先是否已安装
    checkExist(){
    	jdkline1=$(grep -n "export JAVA_HOME=.*" /etc/profile | cut -f1 -d':')
      if [ -n "$jdkline1" ];then
        echo "存在JAVA_HOME路径,将其删除"
        sed -i "${jdkline1}d" /etc/profile
      fi
    	jdkline2=$(grep -n "export CLASSPATH=.*\$JAVA_HOME.*" /etc/profile | cut -f1 -d':')
      if [ -n "$jdkline2" ];then
        echo "存在CLASSPATH路径,将其删除"
        sed -i "${jdkline2}d" /etc/profile
      fi
    	jdkline3=$(grep -n "export PATH=.*\$JAVA_HOME.*" /etc/profile | cut -f1 -d':')
      if [ -n "$jdkline3" ];then
        echo "存在PATH-JAVA路径,将其删除"
        sed -i "${jdkline3}d" /etc/profile
      fi
    }
    # 查询是否有jdk压缩包
    if [ -e $jdkTar ];then
    	echo "--------存在jdk安装包-------"
    	echo "正在解压jdk安装包。。。"
    	tar -zxvf /opt/jdk-8u111-linux-x64.tar.gz
    	if [ -e "/opt/soft2" ];then
    		echo "存在该文件夹,删除。。"
    		rm -rf /opt/soft2
    	fi
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "正在建立jdk安装路径。。"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	mkdir -p /opt/soft2/jdk180
    	mv -f jdk1.8.0_111 /opt/soft2/jdk180
    	# 检查配置信息
    	checkExist	
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "正在配置jdk环境。。。"
    	sed -i '$a export JAVA_HOME=/opt/soft2/jdk180/jdk1.8.0_111' /etc/profile
    	sed -i '$a export CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/rt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/dt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar' /etc/profile
    	sed -i '$a export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin' /etc/profile
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "配置环境已完成。。。"
    	echo 'this is the end'
    	echo "---------------------------------"
     echo "---------------------------------"
     echo "配置版本信息如下:"
     source /etc/profile
     java -version
    else
    	echo "未检测到安装包,请将安装包放到opt目录下"
    fi

     三:maven自动化安装

    创建shell脚本,把命令放进.sh脚本里,./xx.sh运行此脚本可以完成maven自动化安装

    
    #!/bin/bash
    
    mavenTar="/opt/apache-maven-3.6.1-bin.tar.gz"
    
    mavenMirror=" <mirror>
      <id>alimaven</id>
      <mirrorOf>central</mirrorOf>
      <name>aliyun maven</name>
      <url>https://maven.aliyun.com/repository/central</url>
     </mirror>
     <mirror>
      <id>alimaven</id>
      <name>aliyun maven</name>
      <url>http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/groups/public/</url>
      <mirrorOf>central</mirrorOf>
     </mirror>
    "
    mavenrespo="<localRepository>/opt/soft2/maven361/apache-maven-3.6.1/jarstore</localRepository>"
    
    # 检查原先是否已安装
    checkExist(){
    	mavenline1=$(grep -n "export MAVEN_HOME=.*" /etc/profile | cut -f1 -d':')
      if [ -n "$mavenline1" ];then
        echo "存在MAVEN_HOME路径,将其删除"
        sed -i "${mavenline1}d" /etc/profile
      fi
    	mavenline3=$(grep -n "export PATH=.*\$MAVEN_HOME.*" /etc/profile | cut -f1 -d':')
      if [ -n "$mavenline3" ];then
        echo "存在PATH-MAVEN路径,将其删除"
        sed -i "${mavenline3}d" /etc/profile
      fi
    }
    
    
    # 查询是否有maven压缩包
    if [ -e $mavenTar ];then
    
    	echo "--------存在maven安装包-------"
    	echo "正在解压maven安装包。。。"
    	tar -zxvf /opt/apache-maven-3.6.1-bin.tar.gz
    	if [ -e "/opt/soft2/maven361" ];then
    		echo "存在该文件夹,删除。。"
    		rm -rf /opt/soft2/maven361
    	fi
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "正在建立maven安装路径。。"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	mkdir -p /opt/soft2/maven361
    	mv -f apache-maven-3.6.1 /opt/soft2/maven361
    	# 检查配置信息
    	checkExist	
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "正在配置maven环境。。。"
    	sed -i '$a export MAVEN_HOME=/opt/soft2/maven361/apache-maven-3.6.1' /etc/profile
    	sed -i '$a export PATH=$PATH:$MAVEN_HOME/bin' /etc/profile
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "----正在配置maven镜像源和mirror----"
    	sed -i '/<\/mirror>/i ${mavenMirror}' /opt/soft2/maven361/apache-maven-3.6.1/conf/settings.xml
    	sed -i '/<\/settings>/i ${mavenrespo}' /opt/soft2/maven361/apache-maven-3.6.1/conf/settings.xml
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "配置环境已完成。。。"
    	echo 'this is the end'
    	echo "---------------------------------"
     echo "---------------------------------"
     echo "配置版本信息如下:"
     source /etc/profile
     mvn -version
    else
    	echo "未检测到安装包,请将安装包放到opt目录下"
    
    fi

     四:tomcat自动化安装

    创建shell脚本,把命令放进.sh脚本里,./xx.sh运行此脚本可以完成tomcat自动化安装

    
    #!/bin/bash
    
    tomcatTar="/opt/apache-tomcat-8.5.54.tar.gz"
     
    
    
    # 查询是否有tomcat压缩包
    if [ -e $tomcatTar ];then
    
    	echo "--------存在tomcat安装包-------"
    	echo "正在解压maven安装包。。。"
    	tar -zxvf /opt/apache-tomcat-8.5.54.tar.gz
    	if [ -e "/opt/soft2/tomcat85" ];then
    		echo "存在该文件夹,删除。。"
    		rm -rf /opt/soft2/tomcat85
    	fi
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "正在建立tomcat安装路径。。"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	mkdir -p /opt/soft2/tomcat85
    	mv -f apache-tomcat-8.5.54 /opt/soft2/tomcat85
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "配置tomcat环境已完成。。。"
    	echo 'this is the end'
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    	echo "---------------------------------"
    
    else
    	echo "未检测到安装包,请将安装包放到opt目录下"
    fi

    五:mysql自动化安装

    创建shell脚本,把命令放进.sh脚本里,./xx.sh运行此脚本可以完成mysql自动化安装

    
    #!/bin/bash
    mysqlInstall=$(rpm -qa | grep mysql)
    mysqlRepoInstall1=$(find /etc/yum.repos.d/ -name "mysql-community.repo" | sed 's#.*/##')
    mysqlRepoInstall2=$(find /etc/yum.repos.d/ -name "mysql-community-source.repo" | sed 's#.*/##')
    wgetInstall=$(rpm -qa | grep wget)
    mariadbInstall=$(rpm -qa | grep mariadb)
    # 检查是否已安装了mysql,未安装再安装
    if [ ! -n "${mysqlInstall}" ];then
      # 检查centOS是否自带了mariadb,若有则删除
      if [ -n "${mariadbInstall}" ];then
    		echo "自带mariadb---删除mariadb中----"
        rpm -e --nodeps mariadb-libs-5.5.64-1.el7.x86_64
    		echo "--------------------------------"
    		echo "--------------------------------"
    		echo "--------------------------------"
    	else
    		echo "centOS里没有mariadb软件"
    		echo "-----------------------"
    		echo "-----------------------"
      fi
    	if [ -n "${wgetInstall}" ];then
    		echo "-------存在wget下载工具-------"
    		echo "------------------------------"
    		echo "------------------------------"
    	else		
    		echo "-------安装下载工具wget-------"
    		echo "------------------------------"
    		echo "------------------------------"
    		yum install -y wget
    	fi
    		echo "-------在线下载5.7mysql并安装-------"
    		wget http://repo.mysql.com/mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm
    		echo "-----------下载mysql成功-------------"
    		echo "-------------------------------------"
    		echo "-----------正在安装mysql中----------"
    		echo "-------------------------------------"
    		rpm -ivh mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm
    		echo "-----正在检测mysql安装环境是否成功----"
    else
    	echo "-------------已安装过mysql--------------"
    fi
    installmysqlServer(){
    	if [ "${mysqlRepoInstall1}" = "mysql-community.repo" -a "${mysqlRepoInstall2}" = "mysql-community-source.repo" ];then
          echo "存在2个mysql安装环境,下载安装完成。。。"
          echo "----------------------------------------"
          echo "----------------------------------------"
    			echo "-----------安装mysql-server中-----------"
          echo "----------------------------------------"
          echo "----------------------------------------"
    			if [ ! -e "/var/lib/mysql" ];then
    				yum install -y mysql-server
    			else
    				echo "-----已安装过mysql-server-----"
    			fi
          echo "修改访问权限为当前用户。。。"
          chown -R root:root /var/lib/mysql
          ls -l /var/lib
          echo "重启mysql服务中"
          service mysqld restart
          echo "安装完成---请登录mysql修改密码和字符集"
      else
          echo "${mysqlRepoInstall1}"
          echo "${mysqlRepoInstall2}"
          echo "----没有安装成功----"
    	fi
    }
    installmysqlServer

    总结

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